Thyroid cancer, as the name suggests, is a malignancy that develops in the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland that is nearly about the size of a thumb. This forms a part of the endocrine system and is responsible for the production of various hormones that control your body’s metabolism. Not only this, but thyroid hormone is also in charge of your body’s temperature, blood pressure and the rate at which your heartbeats. The cancer is treatable with excellent results, in the majority of the cases. Thyroid cancer treatment in Noida is offered at all the leading hospitals.
Types of thyroid cancer
Thyroid cancer is marked by the uncontrollable growth and multiplication of thyroid cells. Depending upon the type of cells from which it originates, thyroid cancer can be classified into various different types, which include:
Papillary - It is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for nearly 80 per cent of all thyroid cancers. It generally shows a very good response to treatment, despite the fact that it often spreads to the lymph nodes present in the neck.
Follicular - This is the second most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for almost 15 per cent of the cases. It is quite likely to spread to the bones and organs.
Medullary - This accounts for 2 per cent of the total cases and almost a quarter of people with the disease also have been found to have a family history of the same
Anaplastic - It is the most aggressive type of thyroid cancer that is quite difficult to treat. It accounts for nearly 2 per cent of all thyroid cancers.
Symptoms that you should not simply ignore
Experts specializing in thyroid cancer treatment in Greater Noida, suggest that patients suffering from thyroid cancer may not experience any symptom initially and these become evident in the later stages, as the disease progresses. Some of the common symptoms associated with thyroid cancer include:
Formation of a lump or mass in the neck
Evident change in your voice
Persistent pain in the neck or throat
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
Risk factors that increase your chances of developing thyroid cancer
With an incidence rate of four per hundred thousand people, on a global scale, thyroid cancer is predominantly diagnosed in women who are in their 40s and 50s, and men, who are in their 60s and 70s. Although children may also develop thyroid cancer, the risks are comparatively lower than adults. Apart from age, there are certain other risk factors that may put you at a higher risk of developing thyroid cancer. These include:
Goitre, a condition marked by the enlargement of the thyroid gland
Family history of cancer or any other ailment involving the thyroid gland
Thyroiditis, a condition marked by the inflammation of the thyroid gland
Genetic mutations that are responsible for causing endocrine diseases like multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) or type 2B (MEN2B) syndrome.
- Low intake of iodine
- Underground radiation therapy for head and neck cancer
What are the treatment options available for thyroid cancer?
The treatment depends upon the type and stage of the tumour and involves the following:
Surgery - This usually involves procedures like thyroidectomy and thyroid lobectomy, which aim at the complete or partial removal of the thyroid gland. Lymph node dissection may be done to remove the lymph nodes that are close to the thyroid.
Thyroid hormone therapy - The treatment involves the use of certain medicines that help to suppress the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, high levels of which are known to stimulate the growth of cancer cells
Radioactive iodine - This involves large doses of radioactive iodine, usually given after thyroidectomy, to target and kill the thyroid cells that were left behind during the surgery.
Chemotherapy - This involves the oral or intravenous administration of certain drugs for targeting the cancerous cells.