Get a Second Opinion
Empowering patients to make the right decision related to their diagnosis and treatment.
While the name may suggest it, it has nothing with germs. Germ cells are the cells in the testicles that produce sperm. Germ cell cancer occurs when these cells mutate and grow rapidly. They can be either benign or malignant and can occur in one or both testicles.
Germ cell cancer accounts for 90% of all cases of testicular cancer. Common types of germ cancer are:
In most cases, testicular cancer doesn’t cause any visible discomfort or symptoms. When they do appear, they can include:
If one suspects they have testicular cancer or have any of these symptoms, they must consult with the doctor right away.
Mutation in the germ cells can cause them to grow and divide rapidly, which can form into a tumour. These tumours turn malignant and can invade and destroys healthy cells and tissues.
The exact causes of cell mutation are unknown. However, some factors can increase the risk of testicular cancer. These factors are:
Our doctor will perform various tests to diagnose testicular cancer. They may use one or more of the following tests:
Based on the diagnosis, patient’s preference and overall health, our doctors recommend the most viable treatment option for testicular cancer. These treatment options may include:
It’s the most-effective treatment option for testicular and has a better outcome and lower recurrence rate. These surgeries can include:
In chemotherapy, our doctors will use a group of drugs to stop cancer from spreading. Cancer cells absorb the drugs faster than normal cells, thus slowing their growth. These drugs can be delivered through a vein or a catheter, depending on the stage of cancer.
Our surgeon will use controlled radiation to damage or destroy the DNA of cancer cells. Our radiation oncologist will use a machine to direct the energy beams on the cancer cells. It can be used in combination with chemotherapy if surgery isn’t an option.