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Recognized as the most common primary malignant bone tumors in kids, osteosarcoma is a malignancy that develops in the bone cells. Also referred to as osteogenic sarcoma, the cancer usually affects the long bones, which are primarily found in the lower limbs. The cancer is predominantly found in teenagers and young adults and comparatively uncommon in infants and elderlies.
The various symptoms associated with osteosarcoma include:
Osteosarcoma is a result of unhealthy changes in the DNA of the bone cells, which compel them to divide and grow at a very rapid pace. These unhealthy cells gradually replace all the healthy ones and gradually accumulate to form a mass or lump called a tumour.
Various factors that are likely to elevate your risks of developing osteosarcoma include:
Surgery – The goal of the surgery is to remove the tumour and the surrounding tissues that have been affected. Depending upon whether the affected limb is to be removed or not, the classified into the following types:
Chemotherapy – It involves the intravenous or oral administration of certain drugs that target and kill the cancerous cells. These may be given before the surgery to shrink the tumour and make it easier to extract it, or after the surgery to target the cancerous cells that have been left intact during the surgery.
Radiation therapy – It involves the use of high-energy radiations to target and destroy cancerous cells. In some cases, the doctors may use protons instead of radiation beams.