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Listed amongst the top 10 leading cancers in India, prostate cancer primarily affects men lying above 65 years of age. The prostate is a small gland, near about the size of a walnut, that lies between the bladder and the penis. It is responsible for the secretion of fluids that make up the semen. It is a very common type of cancer that usually progresses at a very slow pace, rarely spreads beyond the gland. However, some types can be quite aggressive and metastasize quickly.
Prostate cancer is believed to be a result of abnormal changes in the DNA of the prostate cells, which cause them to grow and multiply uncontrollably. These abnormal cells continue to live even when the normal cells die and eventually result in the formation of a tumour.
Various modalities available for the screening and diagnosis of prostate cancer are listed below:
The treatment plans are curated, keeping in mind the specific needs of the patients. These include:
Local treatments – Local treatments like surgery and radiation therapy aim at removing cancer from a specific area of the body where it is localized. These can help to completely get rid of the cancer when it is in an early stage.
Focal therapies – These involve a number of minimally invasive treatments that aim at destroying small tumours, leaving the rest of the prostate gland intact. These use heat, cold and other methods to address the cancer.
Systemic treatments – It involves the use of certain medication to destroy the cancer cells. These are prescribed by your oncologist and include the following