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The thyroid produces essential hormones that regulate heart rate, blood temperature and weight. Thyroid cancer occurs when malignant cells start to form up in the tissues of the thyroid gland. While some thyroid cancer grows slowly, others can grow aggressively. All known types of thyroid cancer are:
In most types of thyroid cancer, symptoms won’t appear until the cells become malignant. However, various symptoms might indicate the advancement of thyroid cancer, which include:
If one experiences any of these symptoms, they should make an appointment with our doctor.
The cause of thyroid cancer is a mutation that allows the thyroid cells to grow rapidly and form a tumour. In some cases, it can also be caused by genetic syndromes, iodine deficiency and radiation exposure.
Several factors can increase the risk of thyroid cancer, which include:
Our doctor will evaluate the patient’s symptoms and medical history. They will also perform to diagnose cancer or to rule out other conditions. These tests will include:
In some cases, cancer doesn’t grow and never require treatment. But in the majority of the cases, treatment is required right away. Based on the diagnosis, possible complications and the patient’s preference, our doctors will recommend the most-effective treatment option for thyroid cancer. It can include:
In chemotherapy, our doctors will use a group of drugs to stop cancer from spreading. Cancer cells absorb the drugs faster than normal cells, thus slowing their growth. These drugs can be delivered through a vein or a catheter, depending on the stage of cancer.
Our surgeon will use controlled radiation to damage or destroy the DNA of cancer cells. Our radiation oncologist will use a machine to direct the energy beams on the cancer cells. It can be used in combination with chemotherapy if surgery isn’t an option.
Our doctors will administer large doses of radioactive iodine to destroy cancer tissues without harming healthy tissues.
It’s the most-effective treatment for thyroid cancer, which involves removing cancer surgically along with the surrounding tissues. These surgeries can include:
Our doctor will remove certain hormones and stops cancer cells from growing. The treatment can also be recommended after the surgery to make up for the missing thyroid gland. It supplies the hormones that the thyroid would produce and also prevent cancer from relapsing or recurring.