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Listed amongst the top 5 cancers in India, uterine cancer develops in the cells lining the uterus. Since the malignancy usually develops in the endometrial cells, uterine cancer is also termed endometrial cancer. The cancer is usually detected at an early stage because it leads to vaginal bleeding. Other types of uterine cancers include:
Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is not known, it is believed to be a result of mutations in the DNA of the cells lining the uterus. It is these mutations that compel the cells to multiply abnormally and uncontrollably. As time passes by, the cells accumulate to form a mass or lump called a tumour
There are various risk factors that can increase your risk of developing uterine cancer. These include:
Surgery – The surgery involves the removal of the tumour along with the diseased organs and tissues. This includes
Radiation therapy – It involves the use of high energy radiations emitted by X rays or protons. The help to target the cancer cells externally or from within the patient's body.
Chemotherapy – It involves the intravenous or oral administration of certain drugs that target and kill the cancerous cells. These may be given before the surgery to shrink the tumour and make it easier to extract it, or after the surgery to target the cancerous cells that have been left intact during the surgery.
Hormone therapy – It involves the use of certain medication to balance the hormonal levels and bring down the ones that support the growth of malignant cells.
Targeted drug therapy – This helps to target specific weaknesses of the malignant cells and blocks the same to kill these cells.
Immunotherapy – It involves the use of certain drugs that help to boost the body’s immune system and is usually recommended to patients with advanced uterine cancer.